There are two main studies that looked into reconstructive memory. Firstly Bartlett conducted a study in 1932. He said that we change our memories to fit in with what we already know, even though we believe that we are remembering exactly what happened. He gave participants an extract from an old American Folk story ‘War Of The Ghosts’. He wanted to see if people, when given something unfamiliar to read, would alter any of the information when retelling the story from memory. Participants were asked to read the extract and were later asked to recall the story accurately as they could, this was repeated several times during the following weeks. The results showed that participants found it difficult to remember parts of the story concerning spirits and therefore changed parts of the story to make it easier for them to understand. As the weeks went by the participants recall of the story changed bit by bit. Bartlett concluded that our memory is influenced by our own beliefs and understanding.
The second study was conducted by Wynn and Logie in 1998. They wanted to see if the recall of familiar stories would change in the same way that Bartlett found happened with unfamiliar stories. For this study they asked university students to recall details of their first week at university. They were asked to do this several times throughout the year. The results showed that the accuracy of the students descriptions remained the same no matter how many times they were asked (unlike Bartlett’s study). Wynn and Logie concluded that recall of familiar information will not change over time.
Reconstructive memory is when we change parts of a story to fit our understanding. The more times we recall the story the more things are likely to change. However this is more likely to happen when trying to recall unfamiliar information (secondhand information)
Walter Mitty is a fun, adventurous, heart-warming tale of an average man who cannot help but let his mind wander. Walter has a very vivid imagination which sometimes can interfere with his job and his ability to concentrate. He has a crush on a new girl at work, who becomes the main focus of his daydreams.
When he cannot find an important film negative in work, which threatens his job, he sets out on a wild adventure to track down the photographer who sent it. Fighting through many extraordinary battles with sharks and volcanoes Walter starts to doubt he will find what he is looking for.
This film has a very clever turn of events which warms the heart of the viewers and brings a smile to many faces. It is a wonderful family film and I recommend everyone watches it! One of my favourite films to date. Ben Stiller plays Walter Mitty, and he also directed and produced the amazing story.
one of my favourite pictures from my holiday to Paris
I seen these beautiful flowers in Disney Land 2 years ago and couldn’t resist taking a picture
4am, I can’t hear a sound
Nothing but raindrops tapping the ground
A million thoughts race trough my head
But not happy thoughts, no they seem to be mislead
Looking around feeling panicked inside
All I want to do is to run an hide
But what is the point? No one would care
Instead I’ll just sit and let my heart tear.
As I lay here in silence
The walls creeping in
I find myself thinking
Of what could have been
But what’s done is done
There is no going back
I guess the only thing to do
Is to get my life back on track
There’s only so much I can take
And it pains me to see
That someone i love
Is dying right in front of me
It’s been six years now but the pain is still raw
As I still expect you to walk through the door
But you’re gone and I never had the chance to say
That I love you so much in each and every way!
There are many different theories of attachment. John Bowlby (1969) suggested that our ability to form an attachment is innate. He believes that babies come into the world with the ability to make others care for them, through crying and smiling. And that mothers have an innate ability to care and protect her child until they mature and are able to reproduce. The innate nature of attachment was illustrated by Conrad Lorenz in 1952 in his imprinting study with geese. Lorenz conducted a study with goose eggs, he hatched one set of eggs in an incubator with himself, ensuring he was the first moving object that they seen when they hatched. The other set was hatched with their mother. After the geese had hatched, lorenz noticed that those he hatched with him would follow him around as if he was their mother. He later mixed the two sets of geese together in a box and set them free, the geese split into their original groups and made their way to who they believed was their mother. Lorenz called this imprinting. following their mother gave them a higher chance of survival as they were always close to their attachment figure.
Bowlby then suggested that a childs early attachments can effect the type of attachments that they will form with others in the future, he called this ‘Continuity Hypothesis’. It is also suggested that children go through a critical period in their life in which they should form an attachment by. This critical period is said to be between the ages or 0-2.5years old, between these ages children should have developed certain behaviours, and form an attachment. If an attachment is not made by this time, then it is highly unlikely to occur at all.
Monotropy – John Bowlby also said that children will all form a single attachment that will be more important to them than the rest. This is usually the mother, according to Bowlby, the father is of rare importance to the childs attachments.
I do not understand why gay marriage was ever illegal in the first place. Love is love, whether is it shown between two people of the same sex, or two people of the opposite sex. Love is love. I think that it is great how gay marriage is now legal, however I believe it should also be legal in other countries too! Why should people have to hide who they are, or be scared to reveal how they feel about another person? How is the love that they have for one another effecting any of those around them? It is not hurting anybody. It is innocent and pure, and should not be seen as wrong in anybody’s eyes. Nobody criticizes those who are straight, so why criticize anyone elses sexuality? Whether you are gay, bisexual, transgender, straight, or any other sexuality, you are normal! You are loved! And you are unique!
Personally I do not think sexuality should be categorized in anyway, you could fall in love with anyone you meet, whether they are male or female. Love is love, so don’t judge others for being different compared to you. We are all different and unique in our own way.